Sunday, September 24

Disciple Lesson 2 - God Scatters the Proud

Key Word - Pride

Key Verse - Genesis 11:4 They said, "Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top will reach into heaven, and let us make for ourselves a name, otherwise we will be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth."

Day 1 – Genesis 11

  • 11:1 – a common language, in and of itself is not evil – man’s use of it, however, to further his earthly desires was evil, God intervenes
  • 11:2-4 – the disobedience starts well before the building of a tower, God had commanded them to be fruitful and multiply, and to fill the earth (not to congregate in cities or settle in the plain of Shinar) – this is man’s intention, disobedience to God; God wants them scattered, they don’t want to be scattered – they place their faith in bricks and tar rather than God
  • 11:5-8 – without divine intervention, man will believe that the commands of God are unimportant – not to be followed; not punishment, but preventive measures to assure that man does not become too arrogant
  • 11:9 – God’s original intent is assured, it is a deliverance of man from his own errors in judgment
  • Lessons
    • Man’s plans will never thwart God’s purposes
    • Unity is not the highest good, but obedience to God
    • Only Christ can bridge the communication gap (Zep 3:9-11, Acts 2)
    • The Word of God, not the works of man, should be the object of our faith

Day 2 – Genesis 3

  • 3:1 – an actual snake, being used by Satan; this is an indirect challenge, not a direct one – which Eve likely would have rebuffed (notice Satan just calls Him “God”, not the more formal and subordinate “Lord God” used prior to Chapter 3): Satan acts as if he may be mistaken or misinformed, inviting a correction from Eve (luring her into a conversation that shouldn’t be taking place); he has also craftily place Eve’s attention on the one prohibition, rather than the many generous gifts, of the Garden
  • 3:2-3 – Eve takes the bait, and demonstrates a misunderstanding and/or mischaracterization of God’s command; God said that they may eat of “any” tree of the Garden except…; Eve says “from the fruit trees of the Garden we may eat”, then “but from the fruit of the tree in the middle of the Garden God has said, “you shall not eat from it or touch it, lest you die”; not only does she incorrectly state God’s intent, but she directly attributes incorrect words to God – actually misquoting the very words of God (again, either purposely mischaracterizing – or Adam has done a poor job of conveying the command)
  • 3:4-5 – Eve should have recognized this direct attack on the Word of God; this was bold and daring, perhaps so much so that she couldn’t believe that the serpent could say it if it were not true; notice there is some truth in Satan’s words, they will have knowledge of good and evil, become like God – but there will be direct and eternal consequences for this disobedience; Eve has not yet eaten, but she is on her way – even questioning the character of God; sin is not instantaneous, but sequential, and she is on her way
  • 3:6 – what surprises us the most is that Adam ate without hesitation, why? The words here leave the possibility that Adam has been observing this entire conversation, “and she gave also to her husband with her.” While this is not our traditional understanding, it certainly is possible – and would help to explain why Adam went along so willingly; of course, it is also possible that Adam went along with her mistake because she didn’t appear to “die” – or that it was an act of unity in “one flesh”
  • 3:7-8 – the consequences are realized before any judgment, Adam and Eve experience immediate shame – and separation from God; the death to occur that day is, of course, not physical (although physical death will be part of the judgment), it is instead a spiritual death – separation from God – not imposed by God as part of judgment, initiated wholly by man!
  • 3:8-12 – God questions in the order of authority (Adam, Eve, serpent), then sentences in the order of the fall (serpent, Eve, Adam); the fall was due, in part to a reversal of God’s order
  • 3:13 – Adam blames God and Eve “the woman whom thou gavest to be with me”; Eve blames the serpent “who deceived me”
  • 3:14-15 – the enmity will be between the people of God and the people of Satan, but also between Christ and Satan – where Satan will be mortally wounded and Messiah will receive a painful but not fatal wound
  • 3:16 – God will bring about man’s salvation and Satan’s destruction through Eve (“seed of the woman”)
  • 3:17-20 – important and often overlooked point, there is a curse on the serpent and the ground, but not on Adam and/or Eve; God purposes to save mankind, this is clear; Spiritual death has already occurred, but now physical death will also follow
  • 3:22-24 – the truth of Satan’s deceit is evident, Adam and Eve had become like God in knowing good and evil – but it is an immature understanding; they are expelled from the Garden; it was an act of mercy, keeping them from eternal punishment and providing an avenue of eventual redemption
  • Lessons
    • Sin, Judgment, Grace
    • Be aware of Satan and his devices
    • Explains the world we live in today, the good attributable to God, the bad attributable to man’s sinfulness
    • Redemption and Restoration has been accomplished through Christ

Day 3 – Genesis 4-5

  • 4:1-7 – one occupation is not superior to the next; while it could be that it was simply the heart behind the offering that was insufficient, it is more likely it fell short of the blood offering required by law (and while we are not told in Genesis that Cain and Abel were made aware of this revelation – we know from later Scripture that only blood is sufficient to cover sins, so they must have been made aware; we also know that God essentially told Cain, “you should know better”); so Cain did not approach God through shed blood, but through the fruits of his own labor instead (through works); notice too that God never compares Cain’s offering with that of Abel’s, He does not pit them against one another but instead makes it clear that Cain’s simply doesn’t meet the standard; and God graciously warns Cain from what he is contemplating
  • 4:8-15 – “am I my brother’s keeper?” – an insolent reply; unlike Adam and Eve, the time for repentance has passed, Cain is cursed, the ground is not (it is simply the vehicle); still Cain is not sorry, nor does he promise repentance, only regret – he is sorry he was caught
  • 4:16-26 – the genealogy illustrates the spread of sin from Cain, and also that despite the fact these people are sinful, they can “do good” (illustrating once again that it is not the good we do that saves, but Christ); the birth of Seth provides the glimmer of hope for mankind, a people who began to “call upon the name of the Lord)
  • 5:1-32 – the line of Seth, originating in Adam, the history of the line through whom the Savior will come (compare to the ungodly line of Cain in Chapter 4); Cain’s line accomplished many great, but wordly things – where Seth’s line showed faith in God and produced Godly offspring that would lead to Noah

Day 4 – Genesis 6-10

  • 6:1-4 - “sons of God”, “daughters of men”, and “Nephilim”
    • View 1 – Merge of Sethites and Cainites produces Nephilim
      • Support – meets context of chapters 4 & 5
      • Problems – poor exegesis (“sons of God” is defined in Scripture as Angels); Sethites are not, on the whole, Godly
    • View 2 – Merge of “Despots” (“sons” of pagan gods) in a polygamous relationship with all womankind produces Nephilim
      • Support – meets context of chapters 4 & 5; Cain did establish a city, which could have established Dynasties of Kings (Despots)
      • Problems – no Israelite King was ever called a “son of God”; ignores the Scriptural definition of “sons of God”
    • View 3 – Fallen Angels take on human form and marry womankind, producing Nephilim
      • Support – fits the context of 4 & 5; meets the Biblical definition of “sons of God”; Angels do appear to be in human form, and their sex has always been masculine; Jude 6 indicates some Angels “abandoned their proper abode” and that they are now “kept in eternal bonds” for judgment; Nephilim are obviously super-human, as evidenced in Num 13:33 “we were like grasshoppers” in their sight
      • Problems – for us, it seems to defy reason; some Scholars believe Mat 22:29-30 is indicative that Angels could not marry
  • 6:5-7 – God has not “changed His mind”, He is immutable – humanity has made their own bed; it is necessary , too, to do something to get rid of the Nephilim (for the continued “merge” would have destroyed the possibility of a clean line from Seth to Messiah)
  • 6:9-7:5 – the flood is designed to destroy mankind; the ark is designed to save Noah and his family, and to ensure the fulfillment of the divine purpose for the creation and of salvation (Gen 3:15); Noah is found to be righteous, like all humankind, by faith
  • 7:6-8:19 – the ark is entered at the command of God, and He shuts the door – could Noah have done it? He didn’t have to
  • 8:20-22 – God resolves (not to Noah, but to Himself) to never again curse the ground or destroy every living thing; He will deal differently with sin in the future, permanently (Messiah)
  • 9:1-7 – like in Gen 1:28, God blesses them, tells them to “be fruitful and multiply”, and prescribes the food man can eat; animals will now fear man; mankind moves from vegetarian to meat-eater; man is instructed to revere life, and that an accounting will be taken if he doesn’t’
  • 9:8-17 – Noahic Covenant
    • Initiated and dictated by God
    • For Noah and all successive generations
    • A universal and unconditional covenant
    • Never again to destroy the earth by flood
    • Sign of the covenant is the rainbow
  • 9:18-29 – important that the sin of Noah is not emphasized here, but the sin of Ham; Canaan (the father of those who would live in Palestine and threaten the Israelites) is cursed – this may not be only a curse, but a prophecy (which would explain why Canaan – both the individual and the nation – are cursed for the sins of Ham)
  • 10:1-32 – IMPORTANT: the confusion of Babel chronologically precedes this chapter
    • From Japheth come the Indo-Europeans (Greeks, etc, including most Americans)
    • From Ham come the Babylonians, Assyrians, Ninevahans, Egyptians
    • From Canaan come the Caananites
    • From Shem come the Shemites (not Semites, which also include peoples of Ham)

Day 5 – 1 Kings 6:37-7:12; 10:14-11:40

  • 1 Kings
    • Author – probably Jeremiah (except for perhaps the last 2 chapters)
    • Isaiah was likely used as a source
    • United Kingdom v. Divided Kingdom
    • Kingdom (singular) in tranquility v. Kingdoms (plural) in turmoil
  • 6:37-7:12 – it took Solomon twice as long to build his palace than the Temple; it was built more lavishly than even the Temple…
  • 10:14-11:40 – we must remember, that Solomon was promised riches above all earthly Kings (1Ki 3:13); great wisdom does not make one inerrant, and Solomon succumbed to sin as we all do – specifically the sin of idolatry; first, he tolerates syncretism, then he accepts it for himself; he never rejects the Lord, but he did not devote his heart entirely to him either; Solomon would likely argue that his polygamy and forbidden marriages to Canaanite women were for the sake of alliances and to add to the treasury, yet God had told him he would be richer than any King – it was not necessary to try and take matters into his own hands, God would have provided (and He had warned of these evils in Deu 7); God raises up 3 adversaries to Solomon in his later reign, the greatest of them being Jeroboam


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